**[tippy title=”Problems 1-4″]Problems 1-4**

There questions are basically definitions and procedures. Read the book and then paraphrase each in your own words.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 5-12″]Problems 5-12**

Review the definition of a tree and see Examples 1 and 2.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 13-20″]Problems 13-20**

Review the definition of a spanning tree and remove edges as shown in Example 4.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 21-26″]Problems 21-26**

It is generally difficult to find all of the spanning trees, but these trees are simple enough that you can proceed systematically to find them all.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 27-32″]Problems 27-32**

Read the directions carefully to understand the transition from ball-and-stick model to bond-line drawing to tree diagram, as shown in Figure 9.33.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 33-42″]Problems 33-42**

Use Kruskal’s algorithm to find the minimum spanning tree, as shown in Example 6.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 43-44″]Problems 43-44**

Use the number-of-vertices-and-edges-in-a-tree theorem to answer these questions.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 45-47″]Problems 45-47**

Draw a tree and then use the number-of-vertices-and-edges-in-a-tree theorem to answer these questions.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 48-49″]Problems 48-49**

Use the number-of-vertices-and-edges-in-a-tree theorem.[/tippy]

**[tippy title=”Problems 50-54″]Problems 50-54**

Use Krukal’s algorithm as shown in Examples 6 and 7.[/tippy]

**Note:** Homework Hints are given only for the Level 1 and Level 2 problems.

However, as you go through the book be sure you look at all the examples in the text. If you need hints for the Level 3 problems, check some sources for help on the internet (see the LINKS for that particular section. As a last resort, you can call the author at (707) 829-0606.

On the other hand, the problems designated “Problem Solving” generally require techniques that do not have textbook examples.

There are many sources for homework help on the internet.

**Algebra.help**

Here is a site where technology meets mathematics. You can search a particular topic or choose lessons, calculators, worksheets for extra practice or other resources.

**http://www.algebrahelp.com/**

**Quick Math**

This site provides online graphing calculators. This is especially useful if you do not have your own calculator.

**http://www.quickmath.com/**

**The Math Forum** @ Drexel

This site provides an internet mathematics library that can help if you need extra help. For additional homework help at this site, click one of the links in the right-hand column.

**http://mathforum.org/**